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2023๋…„ ๊ฐ๊ตญ์˜ GDP ์„ฑ์žฅ๋ฅ  ์˜ˆ์ธก์น˜ by VISUALCAPITALIST.com

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by ๋ผ๋””์˜คํ‚ค์ฆˆ radiokidz@daum.net 2023. 2. 15. 19:00

๋ณธ๋ฌธ

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2023๋…„์ด ์‹œ์ž‘๋œ ์ง€ ์–ด๋Š๋ง ๋‘ ๋‹ฌ์—ฌ์˜ ์‹œ๊ฐ„์ด ํ˜๋ €์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์•„์ง์€ ์ƒˆํ•ด ์ดˆ์ธ๋งŒํผ ์˜ฌ ํ•œ ํ•ด์— ๋Œ€ํ•œ ๊ธฐ๋Œ€๊ฐ€ ๋ฟœ๋ฟœํ•˜๊ธฐ ๋งˆ๋ จ์ธ๋ฐ์š”. ์•ˆํƒ€๊น๊ฒŒ๋„ ์˜ฌํ•ด๋Š” ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ ์ž˜ ํ’€๋ฆด ๋“ฏํ•œ ๋Š๋‚Œ์€ ์•„๋‹ˆ์ฃ ? ์„ธ๊ณ„์ ์œผ๋กœ ์šฐ์šธํ•œ ์ „๋ง๋“ค์ด ๋งŽ์œผ๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”. ์˜ฌํ•ด GDP ์„ฑ์žฅ๋ฅ  ์˜ˆ์ธก ์—ญ์‹œ ๊ทธ๋ฆฌ ๊ธ์ •์ ์ด์ง€๋Š” ์•Š์€๋ฐ์š”. ํŠนํžˆ ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ์˜ ๊ฒฝ์šฐ ๋” ์šฐ์šธํ•œ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๋“ค์ด ๋งŽ์•„์„œ ๊ฑฑ์ •์ด ํฐ ์ƒํ™ฉ.

 

๊ฒฝ๊ธฐ ์นจ์ฒด ์šฐ๋ ค ์†์— ํ˜ผ๋ž€ํ•œ 2023๋…„ ๊ฐ๊ตญ์˜ GDP ์„ฑ์žฅ๋ฅ  ์˜ˆ์ธก์น˜


๊ตญ์ œํ†ตํ™”๊ธฐ๊ธˆ(IMF)์˜ ์ „๋ง์น˜๋ฅผ ์ •๋ฆฌํ•œ VISUAL CAPITALIST์˜ ์ž๋ฃŒ๋งŒ ๋ด๋„ ๊ทธ๋ ‡์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๋Ÿฌ์‹œ์•„์˜ ์šฐํฌ๋ผ์ด๋‚˜ ์นจ๊ณต๊ณผ ์ฝ”๋กœ๋‚˜19 ํŒฌ๋ฐ๋ฏน์œผ๋กœ ๋’คํ‹€๋ ค์žˆ๋˜ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ€ ์•ˆ์ •์„ ์ฐพ์œผ๋ ค ํ•˜๋Š” ๋ฐ˜์ž‘์šฉ์œผ๋กœ ํ„ฐ์ ธ ๋‚˜์˜จ ์ธํ”Œ๋ ˆ์ด์…˜๊ณผ ๊ทธ์— ๋”ฐ๋ฅธ ๊ฐ๊ตญ์˜ ๊ธˆ๋ฆฌ ์ธ์ƒ ๋“ฑ์˜ ์˜ํ–ฅ์œผ๋กœ ๊ฒฝ๊ธฐ ์นจ์ฒด๋ฅผ ์šฐ๋ คํ•˜๋Š” ์ƒํ™ฉ์ด๋‹ˆ๊นŒ์š”. ๋•Œ๋ฌธ์— IMF๋Š” ์„ธ๊ณ„ ๊ฒฝ์ œ๊ฐ€ 2022๋…„ ๋ณด๋‹ค ๋” ๋‚ฎ์€ 2.9%์˜ GDP ์ƒ์Šน์„ ํ•  ๊ฑธ๋กœ ์˜ˆ์ธกํ•˜๊ณ  ๊ฐ๊ตญ์˜ ์ „๋ง๋„ ๋‚ฎ์ถฐ ์žก๊ณ  ์žˆ๋Š”๋ฐ์š”. ๊ตต์งํ•œ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋“ค์„ ๋ณด๋ฉด ์ค‘๊ตญ 5.2% ์„ฑ์žฅ, ์ธ๋„ 6.1% ์„ฑ์žฅ์„ ๊ธฐ๋กํ•  ๊ฑธ๋กœ ์˜ˆ์ธก๋˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๊ณ  ๋ฏธ๊ตญ์€ 1.4% ์„ฑ์žฅ, ์œ ๋Ÿฝ์€ ํ‰๊ท  0%๋Œ€ ์„ฑ์žฅ์„ ๊ฑฐ๋‘˜ ๊ฑฐ๋ž€ ์ „๋ง์„ ๋ฐ›์•„ ๋“ค์—ˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์šฐ๋ฆฌ๋‚˜๋ผ๋Š” ์ผ๋ณธ(1.8%) ๋ณด๋‹ค๋„ ๋‚ฎ์€ 1.7%์˜ ์„ฑ์žฅ ์˜ˆ์ƒ์น˜๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›์•„ ๋“ค์—ˆ๊ณ ์š”. ๋ฌผ๋ก  ์ˆ˜์‹ญ%์˜ ์„ฑ์žฅ๊ณผ ๋ฐ˜๋Œ€๋กœ ๋งˆ์ด๋„ˆ์Šค ์„ฑ์žฅ์น˜๋ฅผ ๋ฐ›์•„ ๋“  ๋‚˜๋ผ๋„ ์žˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ... ๊ธ€๋กœ๋ฒŒ ๊ฒฝ์ œ์— ๊ด€์‹ฌ์ด ์žˆ์œผ์‹œ๋‹ค๋ฉด ๊ฐ๊ตญ์˜ ์˜ˆ์ธก์น˜๋ฅผ ์ฐฌ์ฐฌํžˆ ์‚ดํŽด๋ณด์„ธ์š”.

 


 

Mapped: GDP Growth Forecasts by Country, in 2023

The global economy faces an uncertain future in 2023. This year, GDP growth is projected to be 2.9%—down from 3.2% in 2022.

www.visualcapitalist.com

 

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