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์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋ณ„ ํฌํ† ๋ฅ˜ ๋ณด์œ ๋Ÿ‰์€...?! by VISUALCAPITALIST.com

N* Life

by ๋ผ๋””์˜คํ‚ค์ฆˆ radiokidz@daum.net 2022. 3. 17. 19:00

๋ณธ๋ฌธ

๋ฐ˜์‘ํ˜•

์ตœ๊ทผ์—” ๋‰ด์Šค์—์„œ ๋œ ๋“ค๋ ค์˜ค์ง€๋งŒ, ํ•œ๋•Œ ์ค‘๊ตญ์˜ ์ž์› ๋ฌด๊ธฐํ™”๋ผ๋ฉฐ ํฌํ† ๋ฅ˜ ์ด์•ผ๊ธฐ๊ฐ€ ๋งŽ์ด ๋‚˜์™”์—ˆ์ฃ . ํฌ๊ท€ํ•œ ํ™์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๋œป์˜ ํฌํ† ๋ฅ˜๋Š” ํ•œ ์ข…๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ์•„๋‹ˆ๋ผ ๋ž€ํƒ€๋„˜(La), ์„ธ๋ฅจ(Ce), ํ”„๋ผ์„ธ์˜ค๋””๋ฎด(Pr), ๋„ค์˜ค๋””๋ฎด(Nd), ํ”„๋กœ๋ฉ”ํŠฌ(Pm), ์‚ฌ๋งˆ๋ฅจ(Sm), ์œ ๋กœํ“ธ(Eu), ๊ฐ€๋Œ๋ฆฌ๋Š„(Gd), ํ„ฐ๋ธ€(Tb), ๋””์Šคํ”„๋กœ์Š˜(Dy), ํ™€๋ฎด(Ho), ์—๋ฅด๋ธ€(Er), ํˆด๋ฅจ(Tm), ์ดํŠธ๋ฅจ(Yb), ๋ฃจํ…ŒํŠฌ(Lu), ์Šค์นธ๋“(Sc), ์ดํŠธ๋ฅจ(Y) ๋“ฑ์„ ํ†ต์นญํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜๋Š”๋ฐ์š”. ์ด‰๋งค๋‚˜ ๋ฐฐํ„ฐ๋ฆฌ, ์˜๊ตฌ์ž์„, ๋””์Šคํ”Œ๋ ˆ์ด ๋“ฑ์˜ ์ œ์ž‘์— ์‚ฌ์šฉ๋˜๋Š” ํฌํ† ๋ฅ˜.

 

์ค‘๊ตญ, ๋ฒ ํŠธ๋‚จ, ์ธ๋„, ๋ธŒ๋ผ์งˆ ๋“ฑ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋ณ„ ํฌํ† ๋กœ ๋ณด์œ ๋Ÿ‰๊ณผ ์ƒ์‚ฐ๋Ÿ‰์€


๊ทธ ํฌํ† ๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ํ˜น์‹œ ์ค‘๊ตญ์—๋งŒ ์žˆ๋Š” ์ค„ ์•„์…จ๋˜ ๊ฑด ์•„๋‹ˆ์ฃ ? ์ค‘๊ตญ์ด ํฌํ† ๋ฅ˜ ์ƒ์‚ฐ๋Ÿ‰๊ณผ ์ˆ˜์ถœ๋Ÿ‰์ด ๋งŽ๊ธดํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋ฏธ๊ตญ ์ง€์งˆํ•™ํšŒ(USGS)์˜ ์ž๋ฃŒ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”ํƒ•์œผ๋กœ VISUAL CAPITALIST๊ฐ€ ์ •๋ฆฌํ•œ ์ธํฌ๊ทธ๋ž˜ํ”ฝ์„ ๋ณด๋‹ˆ ์ค‘๊ตญ์ด ๋งŽ๊ธด ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ๋ฒ ํŠธ๋‚จ, ์ธ๋„, ๋ธŒ๋ผ์งˆ, ๋Ÿฌ์‹œ์•„ ๋“ฑ ํฌํ† ๋ฅ˜๋ฅผ ๋งŽ์ด ํ’ˆ์€ ๋‚˜๋ผ๋“ค์ด ์ œ๋ฒ• ๋งŽ๋„ค์š”. ๋ฌธ์ œ๋Š” ๋ณด์œ ๋Ÿ‰๊ณผ ๋‹ฌ๋ฆฌ ์ƒ์‚ฐ๋Ÿ‰์—์„  ์ค‘๊ตญ์ด ์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„์˜ ์ ˆ๋ฐ˜ ์ด์ƒ์„ ๊ณผ์ ํ•˜๋Š” ์ƒํ™ฉ์ด๋ผ๋Š” ๊ฒƒ. ๊ทธ๋‚˜๋งˆ 2010๋…„์—” ์ค‘๊ตญ์ด ์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„ ์ƒ์‚ฐ๋Ÿ‰์˜ 92%๋ฅผ ์ฐจ์ง€ํ–ˆ์œผ๋‚˜ 2020๋…„์—” 58% ์ดํ•˜๋กœ ๋‹ค๋ณ€ํ™”๋˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๋Š” ๊ฒŒ ๋‹คํ–‰์ด๋ผ๊ณ  ํ•ด์•ผํ• ๊นŒ์š”. ํ˜น์‹œ ํฌํ† ๋ฅ˜์— ๊ด€์‹ฌ์ด ์žˆ์—ˆ๋‹ค๋ฉด ์š” ์ž๋ฃŒ๋„ ์ฐธ๊ณ ํ•ด ๋ณด์„ธ์š”.^^

 


 

Rare Earth Elements: Where in the World Are They?

Rare earth elements are the critical ingredients for a greener economy, making their reserves increasingly valuable to global supply chains.

www.visualcapitalist.com

 

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