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์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„ ๋ชจ๋“  ํฌ์œ ๋ฅ˜ ๋ฐ”์ด์˜ค๋งค์Šค ๋น„๊ต by VISUALCAPITALIST.com

N* Tech/Science

by ๋ผ๋””์˜คํ‚ค์ฆˆ radiokidz@daum.net 2023. 12. 15. 19:00

๋ณธ๋ฌธ

๋ฐ˜์‘ํ˜•

์ธ๊ฐ„์€ ์ง€๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๊ณ  ์žˆ๋‹ค๊ณ  ํ•˜์ฃ . ํ˜น์ž๋Š” ์ธ๊ฐ„์€ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ๋ฅผ ๋„ˆ๋ฌด ๊ณผ๋Œ€ํ‰๊ฐ€ํ•œ๋‹ค๊ณ ๋„ ํ•˜์ง€๋งŒ, ์ธ๋ฅ˜๋Š” ๋ฌธ๋ช…์„ ๊ฝƒํ”ผ์šฐ๊ณ  ์ง€๊ตฌ ๊ณณ๊ณณ์— ์ง„์ถœํ•˜๋ฉด์„œ ๋‹ค์–‘ํ•œ ์ƒ๋ฌผ๋“ค์„ ๋ฉธ์ข…์‹œ์ผฐ๊ณ  ์ง€๊ตฌ์˜จ๋‚œํ™”๋ฅผ ํ•„๋‘๋กœ ๊ธฐํ›„ ์œ„๊ธฐ๊นŒ์ง€ ํ˜„์‹คํ™”์‹œํ‚ค๋ฉฐ ์Šค์Šค๋กœ๋ฅผ ์œ„ํ—˜์— ๋ชฐ์•„๋„ฃ์„ ์ •๋„๋กœ ์ง€๊ตฌ ์ƒํƒœ๊ณ„ ์•ˆ์—์„œ ์กด์žฌ๊ฐ์„ ๋ฝ๋‚ด๊ณ  ์žˆ์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์–ด๋”” ๊ทธ๋ฟ์ธ๊ฐ€์š”? ํ•„์š”ํ•œ ์ƒ๋ฌผ์„ ์ ๊ทน์ ์œผ๋กœ ํ‚ค์›Œ๋‚ด๋ฉฐ ์ƒํƒœ๊ณ„์˜ ๊ตฌ์„ฑ ์ž์ฒด๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”๊ฟ” ์™”๋Š”๋ฐ์š”.

 

์ธ๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ๋ฐ”๊ฟ”๋†“์€ ์ง€๊ตฌ์— ์กด์žฌํ•˜๋Š” ํฌ์œ ๋ฅ˜์˜ ์ด๋Ÿ‰


PNAS์˜ ์ž๋ฃŒ๋ฅผ ๋ฐ”ํƒ•์œผ๋กœ VISUAL CAPITALIST๊ฐ€ ์ •๋ฆฌํ•œ ์ด ์ธํฌ๊ทธ๋ž˜ํ”ฝ์„ ๋ณด๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋ฉด ๊ทธ๋Ÿฐ ์ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ํž˜์„ ๋‹ค์‹œ ํ•œ ๋ฒˆ ๋Š๋‚„ ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์œผ์‹ค ๊ฒ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์ „ ์„ธ๊ณ„์˜ ๋ชจ๋“  ํฌ์œ ๋ฅ˜์˜ ๋ฐ”์ด์˜ค๋งค์Šค(์œ ๊ธฐ์ฒด) ์ด๋Ÿ‰์„ ๋‚˜๋ˆ ๋ณด๋‹ˆ ๊ฝค ํฅ๋ฏธ๋กœ์šด ๊ฒฐ๊ณผ๋ฅผ ๋ณด์—ฌ์ฃผ๋”๋ผ๊ณ ์š”. ์ถ”์ •์น˜๊ฒ ์ง€๋งŒ, ์ผ๋‹จ ์ธ๊ฐ„์˜ ๋ฐ”์ด์˜ค๋งค์Šค ์ด๋Ÿ‰์€ 396Mt. ์•ผ์ƒ์— ์‚ฌ๋Š” ํ•ด์–‘ ํฌ์œ ๋ฅ˜(40Mt)์™€ ์œก์ƒ ํฌ์œ ๋ฅ˜(24Mt)์— ๋น„ํ•˜๋ฉด 10๋ฐฐ๋‚˜ ๋˜๋Š” ์••๋„์ ์ธ ํฌ์ง€์ง€๋งŒ, ์ธ๋ฅ˜๊ฐ€ ๋จน๊ฑฐ๋‚˜ ํ™œ์šฉํ•˜๊ธฐ ์œ„ํ•ด ํ‚ค์šฐ๋Š” ๊ฐ€์ถ•ํ™”๋œ ํฌ์œ ๋ฅ˜(651Mt)์— ๋น„ํ•˜๋ฉด ์ ˆ๋ฐ˜ ์ •๋„๋ฐ–์— ์•ˆ ๋ฉ๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ์†Œ๋งŒ ๋”ฐ๋กœ 416Mt๋ผ์„œ ์ธ๊ฐ„์„ ๋›ฐ์–ด๋„˜๋Š” ์ •๋„์ธ๋ฐ. ์ธ๊ฐ„์ด ๋ฐ”๊ฟ”๋†“์€ ํฌ์œ ๋ฅ˜ ์ƒํƒœ๊ณ„์˜ ์ƒํ™ฉ์„ ๋‹จ์ ์œผ๋กœ ํ™•์ธํ•  ์ˆ˜ ์žˆ์ฃ . ๋„ค. ์ด๋ ‡๊ฒŒ ๋ฐ”๋€Œ์–ด๋ฒ„๋ฆฐ ๊ตฌ์กฐ๋Š” ์•ผ์ƒ๋™๋ฌผ์˜ ์‡ ํ‡ด๋ฅผ ๋ถˆ๋Ÿฌ์™”์Šต๋‹ˆ๋‹ค. ๊ทธ๋“ค์ด ์‚ฌ๋Š” ๊ณต๊ฐ„์„ ์ธ๊ฐ„์ด ๊ฐœ๋ฐœ์ด๋ž€ ์ด๋ฆ„์œผ๋กœ ์ž๊พธ ์นจ๋ฒ”ํ•˜๊ณ  ์‹ฌ์ง€์–ด ๋ฉธ์ข…์‹œํ‚ค๋Š” ์ผ๊นŒ์ง€ ์™•์™• ๋ฒŒ์–ด์ง€๊ณ  ์žˆ์œผ๋‹ˆ ์ธ๊ฐ„์ด ์ง€๊ตฌ๋ฅผ ์ง€๋ฐฐํ•˜๋Š” ๊ฑด ๋งž๋Š” ๊ฒƒ ๊ฐ™์€๋ฐ... ๊ทธ ๋์ด ์–ด๋–จ์ง€๋Š” ๊ธ์ •๋ณด๋‹ค๋Š” ๋ถ€์ •์ ์ธ ์šฐ๋ ค๊ฐ€ ์ปค์ง€๋„ค์š”.

 


 

Visualizing the Biomass of All the World’s Mammals

When the world's biomass—the stuff we're made of—is tallied up, humans and cattle outweigh wild mammals by a massive margin.

www.visualcapitalist.com

 

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